Today the Lord gives further instructions regarding approaching Him through the sacrificial system. He starts with the priests bc they are sinners just like the rest of us. The Lord chose the Levites to do the work of the tabernacle. “Thus you shall separate the Levites from among the children of Israel, and the Levites shall be Mine.” Remember on Feb 5th when we read “…Therefore I will sacrifice to the Lord all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I shall redeem.” (Exodus 13:15) Today we see the Lord say “I have taken the Levites instead of all the firstborn of the children of Israel.” This is the same principle of substitution that we saw with the Passover in Egypt when a spotless lamb died in place of the firstborn of each household. It is also a foreshadowing of Jesus who will die as a substitute for us. God then gave instructions regarding offerings. The book of Leviticus describes 5 major offerings: burnt, grain, peace, sin and guilt. We also read about a wave offering. A wave offering is when the offering is literally being held in the hand and waved in the air to God to show the offering was for the Lord. The priests are being presented to the Lord in this manner. Lastly, we read that the children of Israel celebrated the Second Passover as the Lord instructed the Israelites to do annually in remembrance of what He did for them when He brought them out of Egypt. 39 years will pass before the children of Israel celebrate another Passover like this one. Keep reading to find out what happened.
(Numbers 8:1-9:14, Leviticus 1:1-3:17)
I pulled the below info off a chart in my ESV Study Bible:
Burnt Offering – underscores prayers of petition and praise
Grain Offering – pleasing aroma; often mirrors emphasis of the offering it accompanies
Peace Offering – fellowship with the Lord by having a communion meal
Sin Offering – atonement of a committed sin, metaphor of purification
Guilt Offering – atonement of a committed sin; metaphor of compensation for wrongdoing